Thomson, James

Thomson, James
1) (1700-1748)
   Poet, s. of the minister of Ednam, Roxburghshire, spent most of his youth, however, at Southdean, a neighbouring parish, to which his f. was translated. He was ed. at the parish school there, at Jedburgh, and at Edin., whither he went with the view of studying for the ministry. The style of one of his earliest sermons having been objected to by the Prof. of Divinity as being too flowery and imaginative, he gave up his clerical views and went to London in 1725, taking with him a part of what ultimately became his poem of Winter. By the influence of his friend Mallet he became tutor to Lord Binning, s. of the Earl of Haddington, and was introduced to Pope, Arbuthnot, Gay, and others. Winter was pub. in 1726, and was followed by Summer (1727), Spring (1728), and Autumn (1730), when the whole were brought together as The Seasons. Previous to 1730 he had produced one or two minor poems and the tragedy of Sophonisba, which, after promising some success, was killed by the unfortunate line, "Oh! Sophonisba, Sophonisba, oh!" being parodied as "Oh! Jemmy Thomson, Jemmy Thomson, oh!" In 1731 T. accompanied Charles Talbot, s. of the Lord Chancellor, to the Continent, as tutor, and on his return received the sinecure Secretaryship of Briefs which, however, he lost in 1737, through omitting to apply for its continuance to Talbot's successor. He then returned to the drama and produced Agamemnon in 1738, and Edward and Eleanora in 1739. The same year he received from the Prince of Wales a pension of £100, and was made Surveyor-General of the Leeward Islands which, after providing for a deputy to discharge the duties, left him £300 a year. He was now in comfortable circumstances and settled in a villa near Richmond, where he amused himself with gardening and seeing his friends. In conjunction with Mallet he wrote, in 1740, the masque of Alfred, in which appeared Rule Britannia, which M. afterwards claimed, or allowed to be claimed, for him, but which there is every reason to believe was contributed by T. In 1745 appeared Tancred and Sigismunda, the most successful of his dramas, and in 1748 Coriolanus. In May of the latter year he pub. The Castle of Indolence, an allegorical poem in the Spenserian stanza, generally considered to be his masterpiece. In August following he caught a chill which developed into a fever, and carried him off in his 48th year. Though T. was undoubtedly a poet by nature, his art was developed by constant and fastidious polishing. To The Seasons, originally containing about 4000 lines, he added about 1400 in his various revisions. He was the first to give the description of nature the leading place, and in his treatment of his theme he showed much judgment in the selection of the details to be dwelt upon. His blank verse, though not equal to that of a few other English poets, is musical and wielded in a manner suitable to his subject. In all his poems he displays the genial temper and kindly sympathies by which he was characterised as a man. He was never m., and lived an easy, indolent life, beloved by his many friends. (See also Lyttelton, Lord)
2) (1834-1882)
   Poet, b. at Port Glasgow and brought up in the Royal Caledonian Asylum, was for some years an army teacher, but was dismissed for a breach of discipline. He became associated with Charles Bradlaugh, the free-thought protagonist, who introduced him to the conductors of various secularist publications. His best known poem is The City of Dreadful Night, deeply pessimistic. Others are Vane's Story and Weddah and Omel-Bonain. His views resulted in depression, which led to dipsomania, and he d. in poverty and misery. His work has a certain gloomy power which renders it distinctly noteworthy.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Thomson, James — Thomson, James. Wenn der Reisende an einer der gewaltigen Docken Londons vorübergeht oder vom Quai der Themse aus hinsieht auf den starrenden Mastenwald mit Britanniens Löwenpanier, da hört er wohl oft aus hundert rauhen Kehlen gewaltig ertönen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Thomson,James — Thomson, James. 1700 1748. Scottish born British poet whose works, most notably The Seasons (1726 1730) and The Castle of Indolence (1748), presaged romanticism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Thomson, James — ▪ 2002       On Aug. 9, 2001, U.S. Pres. George W. Bush announced that the federal government would support research on the approximately 60 existing lines (self sustaining colonies) of human embryonic stem cells, microscopically tiny… …   Universalium

  • Thomson, James —    1. (1700 1748)    Scottish poet, the son of a minister, born and raised in Roxburghshire and educated at Jedburgh Grammar School and Edinburgh University, where three of his poems appeared in the Edinburgh Miscellany of 1720. He worked as… …   British and Irish poets

  • THOMSON, JAMES —    1) the poet of the Seasons, born, the son of the parish minister, at Ednam, Roxburghshire; was educated and trained for the ministry at Edinburgh University, but already wooing the muse, he, shortly after his father s death in 1725, went to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Thomson (músico) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase James Thomson. James Thompson Información personal Nombre real James Antony Thomson Lochiel Muerte …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Thomson (engineer) — James Thomson (February 16, 1822 May 8, 1892) was an Irish engineer and physicist whose reputation would have been substantial had it not been overshadowed by that of his brother William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin.Born in Belfast, Thomson was… …   Wikipedia

  • James Thomson (Schriftsteller) — James Thomson James Thomson (* 11. September 1700 in Ednam, Roxburghshire; † 27. August 1748) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller. Leben Während seiner Zeit als Student der Theologie an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • THOMSON (J.) — THOMSON JAMES (1834 1882) Poète et essayiste écossais, tôt privé de sa mère et forcément négligé par un père paralysé, James Thomson fut pensionnaire d’une école réservée aux enfants pauvres et aux fils de marins; puis il devint lui même… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • James Thomson (poet) — Infobox Writer name = James Thomson birthdate = birth date|1700|9|11|df=y birthplace = Ednam, Roxburghshire, Scotland deathdate = death date and age|1748|8|27|1700|9|11|df=y deathplace = London, EnglandJames Thomson (11 September, 1700 ndash; 27… …   Wikipedia

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